How to Make Wine in Your Home

Making wine involves an ancient process that is actually simple and easy to follow. Yes, the procedures and ingredients are so simple that you can make your own wine at home. Basically, the whole process simply involves mixing up ingredients and allowing the mixture to go through a fermentation process until it becomes wine.

Here are the Ingredients Needed for Making Wine at Home:

  • 16 cups of your chosen fruit (grapes of berries)
  • 2 cups of honey
  • 1 packet of yeast
  • Spring or filtered water (as needed)

Here are the Basic Supplies Needed for Making Wine:

  • 2-gallon crock or glass container
  • 1-gallon carboy
  • Airlock
  • Plastic tube
  • Wine bottles with cork

wine at home

Procedures for Juicing and Preparing Wine

  1. Wash and clean fruits to make sure that these are free from dirt, dust, and chemicals (if not organic). Also, remove the stems or leaves, if any.
  2. Place the clean fruits in the crock or glass container.
  3. Crush and squeeze the juice out of the fruits. You can use a potato masher for this; you can also opt to manually do this procedure using your bare hands. You also have the option to peel the fruits. However, since the skin carries a lot of flavor, peeling the fruits can result in milder taste in wine.
  4. Continue the process of squeezing and mashing until the fruit juice fills the 2-gallon crock almost up to the brim. There should only be about 1 to 1 ½ inch airspace from the collected juice to the top of the container. If there isn’t enough juice from the fruits, add some water. Make sure that you only use spring or filtered water as tap water can carry elements that can ruin the taste of your wine.
  5. Add honey to the fruit juice. Honey sweetens the wine; so if you want sweeter wine, just add more honey to the mixture. Note, however, that your wine’s taste and sweetness will depend on the type of fruit that you use. If you’re going to use grapes, this is already naturally sweet because of its high sugar content. If you’re going to use berries, these are not as sweet because of their low sugar content.
  6. Add the packet of yeast into the mixture and stir until all the ingredients are well blended.

After mixing all the ingredients, the mixture will have to go through the process of fermentation. The procedures for proper fermentation are listed below.

  1. Cover the container and let the mixture stand overnight. The cover is really intended to keep foreign matter from contaminating the concoction, but it should be thin and light to facilitate airflow. A think cloth covering is therefore advised. Also, place the crock or glass container in a warm place (about 70 degrees). The temperature is really important because a cool surrounding will hinder the growth of yeast. Placing it in an area with hot temperature, on the other hand, will kill the yeast.
  2. The next day, stir the mixture every 4 hours. And for the next 2 days, stirring can be done just a few times per day.
  3. After 3 days of stirring, strain the mixture and transfer it into a carboy to prepare for long-term storage. Use a plastic tube for siphoning the liquid mixture into the carboy and seal it with an airlock.
  4. Take off the airlock every couple of days to allow air to escape from the mixture. Replace the airlock immediately. Do this until the mixture is no longer releasing gas.
  5. Age the mixture from 1 to 9 months (the longer, the better). The fermentation process will turn the mixture into wine.
  6. Transfer the wine into clean (sterilized) wine bottles and seal with a cork. You can start drinking the wine or age it further.

Enjoying Your Homemade Wine

It really is easy to make your own wine at home and the whole process is quite exciting too, don’t you think? You can customize the taste of homemade wine and even use your favorite fruits for your favorite drink.

How to Brew Coffee Using a French Press

A lot of coffee connoisseurs consider the French Press as the best coffee brewer. As long as you use high quality coffee beans and employ the correct procedures, you will end up with a truly great tasting brewed coffee.

Although a French Press is a manual coffee maker, it involves a design where the right amount of pressure can be produced by the simple act of pushing down the plunger. Yes, it’s as manual as it can get as far as preparing brewed coffee is concerned, but the result is definitely worth the time and effort.

Listed below are the steps and procedures involved in brewing coffee using a French Press. These instructions are intended to produce 32 ounces of brewed coffee.

dark french press coffee

  1. Measure ½ cup of coffee beans.
  2. Grind the coffee beans in a burr grinder and choose the coarsest setting for this. You can also use a blade grinder; but make sure that you shake it every couple of seconds to achieve an even grind. Use quick pulses when using a blade grinder. You will aim for breadcrumbs appearance in the ground coffee beans. Once you achieve this goal, put the ground coffee into the French Press.
  3. Heat water to a boil but allow this to stand and cool off for 1 minute before using it. Note that boiling point is 212 degrees Fahrenheit, but you only need heated water with a temperature of 195 degrees Fahrenheit when brewing coffee in a French Press.

    Cooling down the boiling water for 1 minute after reaching its boiling point will provide you with 195 degrees heated water. But if you really want to be sure and want the exact temperature for your French Press coffee preparation, you can use a thermometer.
  4. Pour 4 cups of hot water into the French Press.
  5. Stir the mixture of ground coffee and hot water vigorously for a few seconds.
  6. Let the mixture steep for 4 minutes. 4 minutes of steeping time will provide you with a strong brew. You can actually adjust the steeping time according to your preference. If you want a stronger brew, you can steep a little longer than 4 minutes. And if you want a weaker brew, make the steeping time shorter.
  7. After 4 minutes, press the plunger all the way down on a steady and gradual motion. The pressure from this procedure will extract flavor from the ground coffee and brew the mixture.
  8. It’s done. Transfer the brewed coffee in your drinking cup and enjoy.

Additional Steps and Reminders for Best Results

Here are some additional steps and reminders that you can include in the preparation of brewed coffee using a French

Heat the French Press: Rinsing the French Press with hot water before using it will help achieve a well regulated temperature during the brewing process.
Drink Immediately or Transfer in Another Container: If you’re not going to consume the brewed coffee immediately, transfer the mixture to a thermal carafe to keep your coffee fresh and hot. Leaving the mixture to stand in the French Press will result in having bitter taste because it will continue to sit on the ground coffee.

Let the French Press Do It!

The French Press can literally make hot, delicious brewed coffee in minutes! The unit itself is very affordable and the methods involved are really easy too.

How to Build a Moonshine Still

Moonshine, also known as mountain dew or white whiskey, are high-proof distilled spirits. Its name is derived from “moonrakers” referring to early English smugglers who did things “by the light of the moon”. While moonshine appears to still be illegal in most areas, building a moonshine still will help you make your own distilled alcohol. Before making one, be reminded that there are dangers in home brewed spirits. Methanol remaining in your drink if process is not done properly.


Creating your distilled spirit involves a two stage process: fermentation and distillation. Fermentation metabolizes sugars into alcohol while distillation separates alcohol from everything else.


You can create a simple and basic still that you can use at home. Find a stove top pressure cooker which you can purchase at your local store. A pressure cooker is better than your average cooking pot as it has a good seal with its rubber ring inside. To convert your pressure cooker into a still, put a fitting in the bigger hole in its cover. You can purchase your fitting in any hardware store just make sure it fits the hole. This hole will connect your pressure cooker with your condenser.

The second apparatus needed for your still is a coil. It will stand as your condenser. Find a tubing that will perfectly match the fitting in the cooker. The best one will be made of stainless steel to avoid any future contamination. Avoid copper tubes as it is more prone to corrosion and can require a lot of cleaning. Place your coil in a plastic container or canister where the other end of the tubing is positioned like a faucet or funnel. To do this, cut a hole in the lower side and seal the exiting tube at the bottom. Make sure you the seal is completely dry before you use it. Check if the alcohol will flow smoothly in your coil. Avoid any bumps or build-up. Place your mechanism in an elevated position compared to your pressure cooker to match the fittings. Screw your tube end to the fitting to have a perfectly sealed unit.

You can construct another pot to include in your distillation process. The second pot will hold cold water before moving the alcohol to your coiled copper piping. You can also add a charcoal filter above your receiving jug.

Clean your still before using by pouring white vinegar and placing it on a stove to heat. Have the vinegar work through your apparatus to remove any possible contaminants. Place a cup under your coil faucet. Do not touch any part of the coil as it can be extremely hot.

You can also build your own still with sheet metal fabric but this will require experience in molding and assembling.

Proper Use

Once you have your moonshine still ready, fill your condenser with ice and water. Attach the tube to your pressure cooker. Pour your moonshine wash in the cooker and turn on the heat. Remember that alcohol boils at lower temperature than water. You can check the appropriate temperature for your mash. The alcohol in your mash will rise to the surface when at te right temperature. The alcohol vapor will pass through the cold tubing and condense it to what will be released as moonshine. The charcoal filter will help remove any impurities from your moonshine including dirts, hair, foreign objects, or bugs. That will be the time for you to drink up!

Remember to check the rules and regulations about your still in your local government to avoid any charges. It is also not recommended that you do any distilling indoors. But other than that, enjoy your moonshine!

How to Make Latte Art

Popularized by David Schomer 1980’s, latte art have been a craft loved by the society. Latte drinkers smile upon receiving a cup of artistic masterpiece of the barista. While latte art may appear simple, it is difficult to consistently produce the same masterpiece due to conditions of both espresso shot and milk. The art also depends on the barista’s experience and espresso machine’s quality. The steps in making latte art can be broken down into three: steaming the milk, making the espresso and doing free pour. Here is a step-by-step guide in making a good cup of latte art.

Prepare the milk

Before you start making your latte art, you must prepare your perfectly steamed milk. You would need a cold and fresh milk straight from your fridge. It is advised not to use the same milk again for your Latte Art.

Place your milk into the steam pitcher. Keep in hand a liquid thermometer to help you determine when to remove the milk from the steamer. You will need to froth your milk by stretching and rolling using the steam wand from your espresso machine. Take your pitcher and lift it by holding the bottom until the steamer wand’s tip is just under the milk. Turn on the steam and slowly lower the pitcher when you hear the sound of air being introduced to your milk.

Do this for just a few seconds before you move on to rolling the milk. When you feel the pitcher getting warmer, move the pitcher so that the wand’s tip is near the bottom. Angle the pitcher and check if your milk is moving in a clockwise motion. Rolling the milk will determine the texture of your form. Once your milk foam reaches its peak temperature, turn off the steam and immediately proceed to making latte art.

Free Pouring

Prepare a shot of espresso ideally made from 7-8 grams of ground espresso. Pour it immediately in your preferred cup and add milk within 10 seconds. If you are trying to create a flower pattern, simply pour your milk about an inch away from the cup’s bottom. When the cup is about halfway full, carefully shake your steam pitcher side to side. The technique would be using your wrist rather than moving your hand back and forth. The flower pattern will originate from your shaking back and forth while slowly moving the pitcher backwards. The key in free pour is having the right movement of the wrist. Don’t worry if you appear slow at first.

Embellish Your Art

Latte Flower Art
Coffee Talk

While latte art primarily consists of milk and espresso, there are other methods to design your latte. Some prefer pouring chocolate syrup on top of the foam and decorating by using a pin. Others use stencils and dash chocolate powder creating a design without the hassle of drawing. You can also melt chocolate and use a pin to write sweet messages in your foam.

Whether your latte art is made from free pouring or embellishing, it should be a reflection of you. After all, any form of art is an expression of the artist. You can easily achieve this if you just practice, practice, and practice.

Fundamentals for Making the Perfect Cup of Tea

Never underestimate the comfort of a perfect cup of tea. A cup of tea can do wonders whether you’re stuck at home on a rainy day, cuddled in bed for a good book, or simply setting your mood to start working. This aromatic beverage is the most widely consumed beverage in the world next to water.

Making a cup of tea is actually an art to enjoy itself if you know the basics. The traditional method of preparing tea is placing loose tea leaves in a tea pot or tea cup. Nowadays, tea leaves are conveniently packed in tea bags but the art of steeping is still alive. Here are the fundamental steps to make your perfect cup of tea.

Choose your Teaware

Teaware is an important but mostly overlooked part of tea making. Glass teapots are perfect for blooming tea flowers, however, they have less-than-ideal heat retention. This requires a delicate touch when handling. The most popular teapots are ceramic ones as they have the highest heat retention compared to others. They don’t absorb the tea flavors so you can brew all types of tea. Porcelain teapots are popular due to their wide variety of designs but has poor heat retention. Avoid making black tea in porcelain teapots. Clay teapots are popular in China. These pots have the tendency to absorb flavors so making different types of tea is not recommended. But with repeated use, the clay teapots enhances the flavor of your choice of tea.

cup of tea

Prepare your Water

The temperature of water can ruin a tea. It is recommended that one boils cold water due to food safety and water consistency. Cold water is able to hold more dissolved oxygen to help in steeping your tea leaves. Choose between boiling your water using a stove or a kettle. It is not advisable to heat your water through a microwave.

The proper way of pouring your water is over the tea directly in the teacup or teapot. Do not squeeze or swirl the teabags once water is poured.

Steep your Tea

The most crucial part of making your cup of tea is steeping. Always cover the cup or pot while steeping your tea. Steeping times vary per type of tea. The general rule of thumb is at least three minutes for any of the tea variety. White tea is best steeped for 7-9 minutes. Green tea is steeped for 3-4 minutes similar to black tea. Oolong and red tea must be steeped between 3-6 minutes. Do not forget to remove the leaves or tea bags after steeping to avoid ruining the flavor. Remember that changing the strength of flavor depends on the amount of tea leaves used rather than the length of steeping. Water temperature also varies depending on your tea variant.

Personalize your Flavor

Tea drinkers have difference preference over their teas. Milk in tea was first mentioned in 1680 by Madame de Sevigne in Europe. Most tea drinkers are familiar with drinking tea with milk especially where there is an abundance of dairy products. Milk is added to reduce acidity of the tea. Milk generally goes best with classic black teas such as Assam. Ceylon or traditional English Breakfast. Never pour milk before tea as it will result to less flavor and color. Some countries serve their tea with lemon juice while Tibetans tend to mix yak butter and salt in their tea.

Whatever the tea preference, a good cup of tea can be uplifting. It may sound like a complicated art but just following the fundamentals would give you one, hot, flavorful cup of tea.

Tips for Opening Your Own Coffee Shop

Coffee shops are sprouting in every corner these days. This is not surprising as many people are addicted to caffeine. Coffee serves as a fuel in the morning to those going to work or school. While starting your own coffee shop will appear to be easy, there are things to consider when opening your own coffee shop. Here are some tips to make sure you don’t fall flat when opening your coffee business.

Coffee Cafe

Start with a plan

Winston Churchill once said, “He who fails to plan is planning to fail”. Most entrepreneurs skip the business plan writing and move to the next steps immediately. Don’t do that. Having a business plan will make your life easier and have your next steps in the right direction. Your business plan must indicate your vision for the company, define your customers, illustrate your concept, and list your finances. You can also place measures of success to give you space for growth. Your business plan will create a concrete image of your coffee shop before you start buying beans and designing your store.

Choose your source

Finding the right coffee partner and choosing your beans is an important step in building your business. Coffee is the star of your shop so spend time finding the right partner. Your coffee partner will be your business wife so spend time to get to know them and their sources of beans. While you may think having a coffee partner spares you the need to know a lot about coffee, then you are wrong! Ideally, you are the head barista so get to know those beans and techniques. Be a coffee person more than anyone else in the store. Visit different cafes and taste their coffee to find your own taste. Then look for the right beans to match the flavor and styles.

Find the right spot

In any business, location is the key. You may have the best business idea but a wrong location will lead it to failure. Go around buildings and lots to observe. Spend days walking around your options to see how many people will pass by your place. Check if your vision fits right into the environment. Finding the right spot will not happen overnight so be patient.

Invest in equipment

For your coffee shop to be successful, it must serve high quality consistently. This can be achieved by having the right equipment to be used by baristas every single day. There are two crucial equipment in any coffee shop: a high quality espresso machine and coffee grinder. These two will produce a wide range of coffee in your menu. Take time to find the right equipment for this will be your greatest investments in your shop. The right equipment partnered with your chosen beans will have your customers going back for a cup everyday.

Keep it simple

A complicated menu can be overwhelming to your customers. Keep your menu simple and your prices reasonable. Your drinks’ names must also be easy to remember so they can refer it to their friends. A complicated menu can also be tricky to your baristas and may even compromise the quality of your drinks. Price your drinks accordingly. Your list of finances will come into consideration to make sure you are indeed making a profit at the end of the day.

Find the right staff

Find passionate people to help you with your business then nurture them. Your baristas are your front liners. They will be the brand ambassadors every day so make sure you have a good relationship with them. Pay them well and share your vision with them.

coffee and muffin

Opening a coffee shop can be challenging and rewarding all at the same time. These are just a few tips to help your feet get wet in building your dream coffee shop. Remember that your shop must run on passion, enthusiasm, positivity, and commitment. It will not be an overnight success but be excited for the time you are drinking your own coffee and enjoying conversations with your loyal customers.

How to Brew a Great Cup of Iced Coffee

We all love drinking coffee whatever the time or day. While others like their coffee strong and bold, some prefer a perfect cup of iced coffee. When the sun is high up in the sky, you would prefer your caffeine over ice to combat the scorching heat. There are different approaches towards your cold brew.

One assumes that pouring brewed coffee into a glass full of ice will give the satisfaction of an iced coffee. But contrary to its simple name, iced coffee can be a complicated thing. No matter how full of ice the glass is, the ice would melt leading to a diluted coffee flavor and semi-cold glass of iced coffee. If you are stuck at home one summer day, here is how you can enjoy your own cup of delicious iced coffee.

There are two ways of making your iced coffee – one using a French Press and the other using a cheese cloth. Both ways guarantees a flavorful iced coffee at the end of the day.

French Press Method


  • 1/3 cup of darker roasts like Sumatra and Brazilian
  • 1 ½ cups of filtered water

Grind your coffee for your French press. Fill the press with filtered water. Filtered water makes better coffee based from experience. While a hot brew requires pushing the plunger, cold brew required the French press to sit in the refrigerator for hours before you press the plunger. Cooling the brew can be between 12 to 48 hours, depending on how cold you want your coffee to be. Afterwards, take out your press and slowly press the plunger down. Once done, you have your iced coffee ready to go!

Cheesecloth Method


  • 2 cup rich roast of ground coffee
  • 7 cups cold water

In a large bowl, mix your fresh ground coffee with water. Cover the container and let it sit in your kitchen from 8 to 24 hours. When ready to make your coffee, line cheesecloth over a fine mesh strainer. Place it over any pitcher or glass jar then pour your coffee/water mixture through the strainer. Press the grounds using a spoon to force every ounce of liquid. Using a cheesecloth will filter out the finer pieces. Once done, you can now enjoy your coffee!

Flavored Iced Coffees

Each one has their own way of taking their coffee. Iced coffee can be mixed with different flavors. One way is serving it as Vietnamese iced coffee. In a glass, pour cubes of ice then fill halfway with cold brew. Add a spoon of sweetened condensed milk then fill the remaining of the glass with cold brew. For a stronger kick of cold brew, make yourself a Kahlua iced coffee. Just mix ice, Kahlua, home-made cold brew and milk. You can add sugar to taste.

Iced Coffee

A personal favorite is a glass of salted caramel iced coffee. Just mix a glass of cold brew with ¼ cup of caramel sauce. Mix in 1/8 teaspoon of sea salt, ice cubes, sugar and milk to taste. Once mixed well, top with whipped cream. Don’t forget to drizzle caramel sauce!

A good tip for any mix of iced coffee is making your leftover coffee into ice cubes. This will strengthen your coffee even if you add a cup of ice in your glass.

Coffee, whether iced or hot, is a perfect way to make your day better! Grab a glass jar or favorite mug, pour your own mix of coffee, then grab a good book to enjoy with your coffee. Don’t forget that coffee is packed with antioxidants so your body will be thanking you for that cup.

Essential Equipment Needed for Brewing Beer at Home

A home party is not complete without a good, cold bottle of beer. If you plan to throw a lot of parties in your home, then home brewing may be the way to go. Brewing beer at home may be a bit overwhelming but getting the right equipment will help you produce quality beer. Don’t worry, buying the specialty gear will not break your wallet. College students are even brewing their beer in their apartments! Here are the essential items you can purchase online or at a homebrew supplier.

brewing equipment

Stainless Steel Brewing Pot

When choosing a boiling pot, bigger is better. Make sure it can hold at least 3 gallons but a 5-gallon pot is a good choice for beginners. While a stainless steel is recommended for longer use, you can also purchase aluminum or ceramic-coated steel. Just remember that aluminum pots tend to absorb flavors from the beer and ceramic tend to chip.


A college student’s fermenter is the 6 gallon food-grade plastic pail. It is also the recommended fermenter for beginners. Since the fermenter is where you let your beer sit and ferment, a glass carboy is recommended. Glass carboys can come in 3, 5, and 6.5 gallon sizes. You will need extra head space for beer foams up during the fermentation process. Do not place 5 gallons of beer in a 5 gallon fermenter as it will create mess.


Airlocks come in different styles. It doesn’t matter what style you choose, as long as it work. This tool allows the gasses to escape but restricts any outside air from getting in. You will fill the reservoir with sanitized water during the process.


A hydrometer is used to measure the density of your beer before and after the fermentation. If you place your beer in a bottle without finishing fermentation, your bottles may explode after bottling. A hydrometer will help you evaluate your brew and also determine the final alcohol content.

Siphoning tube, racking cane and bottling wand

Once your fermentation is done, you will need to transfer the beer from your fermenter to bottles. The siphoning tube is the basic tool. The wand will regulate the flow of beer while the cane stops the tube from stirring up the sediments from the bottom.


What is beer without the bottles? Choose a variety of 22oz and 12oz bottles, depending on your number of guests. Champagne bottles are recommended while twist-offs are not recommended. Thoroughly clean your bottles before bottling your homebrew. You can use a long handled nylon bristle bottle brush to clean your used and new bottles.
Bottle Caps and Bottle Capper

Bottle cappers come in two styles: hand cappers and bench cappers. The basic bottle capper is used with a hammer but tend to break the bottle glass. The more expensive but more versatile are the bench cappers. Bench cappers are needed when capping champagne bottles.

Brewing your beer can come in simple steps as long as you get the right equipment from the start. Start your home brewing with standard tools. You can later upgrade by selling your homebrews and earning money. Stop thinking and start brewing!